Turkey referendum: Trump congratulates Erdogan

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Donald Trump has congratulated Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on his victory in Sunday’s referendum that gave him sweeping new powers.

the usa president’s telephone name contrasts with European challenge that The Outcome – 51.4% in favour of the adjustments – has uncovered deep splits in Turkish society.

Mr Erdogan has rejected criticism from world displays who stated he had been favoured by means of an “unequal marketing campaign”.

The Main opposition party is launching an appeal to invalidate The End Result.

The adjustments – as a result of be offered ahead of presidential and parliamentary elections in November 2019 – will flip Turkey right into a presidential republic similar to the us and France. This Might enable President Erdogan to remain in power except 2029.

Extra on the result:

His slender victory Used To Be dominated legitimate by way of Turkey’s electoral physique, Regardless Of claims of irregularities via the opposition.

On Monday, Turkey extended the state of emergency for three months. The measure, offered after a failed coup last July, Used To Be set to expire in two days.

Is Trump make stronger a boost for Erdogan? Mark Lowen, BBC News, Istanbul

The Decision from Donald Trump Was Once pre-organized and the point of interest Was Once Syria – But The congratulations for President Erdogan’s victory means america president joins leaders from Qatar, Guinea, Djibouti and the Palestinian militant motion Hamas to voice the opinion, while those in Europe were a ways Extra cautious.

It’s Going To pride Erdogan supporters, who will see it as legitimising the president’s victory. However It’s Going To dismay opponents, after Mr Erdogan’s fiery tirades towards the West and the damning verdict of global observers.

It also exposes a cut up between the European and US on Turkey: Mr Trump choosing realpolitik while Europe urges the unpredictable Turkish leader to reconcile a divided u . s . a ..

And It’s Going To reiterate similarities between Presidents Trump and Erdogan on concerns like democratic norms and press freedom – though the Turkish president has of course handled them in a much more excessive approach.

Not Directly, President Trump Used To Be in all probability aiming to win favour in Ankara, provided that The 2 sides have elementary disagreements over Syria.

What are the disagreements about?

Syria is without doubt one of the issues straining family members between Washington and Ankara.

Turkey is irked by the policy began by way of the Obama administration of aiding Kurdish fighters in Syria who’re preventing so-known as Islamic State.

Turkey views the Syrian Kurdish People’s Safety Devices (YPG) as a terror team linked to Kurdish separatists waging an insurgency inside Turkey in view that 1984.

Turkey – a key Nato ally – has based closer co-operation with Russia just lately.

The Two sides are also at loggerheads over Fethullah Gulen. Turkey accuses the Pennsylvania-based totally cleric of orchestrating the failed coup and needs him extradited.

Formally Washington insists any determination on returning him to Turkey from the usa is still a judicial reasonably than a political one.

What have European leaders mentioned?

Mr Trump’s comments contrasted with a remark by means of the usa state department which talked about issues by means of international observers and entreated Turkey to respect the rights of its voters – chiming with sentiment in European capitals.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that the “tight referendum consequence shows how deeply divided Turkish society is and that implies an enormous duty for the Turkish management and for President Erdogan in my opinion”.

The European Commission issued a an identical call.

Others expressed concern about the potential of the return of capital punishment.

The French president’s workplace warned that any referendum on reviving the loss of life penalty would “obviously be a destroy with values and engagements” that Turkey had customary in joining the Council of Europe. The president of the ecu Parliament, Antonio Tajani, tweeted his own considerations.

Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz went further. He stated the referendum consequence Was Once a “clear signal towards the european Union”. The “fiction” of Turkey’s bid to join the bloc need to be ended, Mr Kurz mentioned.

Why are global displays concerned?

Despite saying that the vote casting day Was “well administered”, the Organization for Safety and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe criticised the referendum marketing campaign, and the Council of Europe mentioned the vote “didn’t reside up” its standards.

The screens also criticised a late alternate with the aid of electoral officials that allowed balloting papers with out legit stamps to depend. However The head of Turkey’s electoral physique, Sadi Guven, said the unstamped pollpapers had been produced by means of the High Electoral Board and had been legitimate. He said a identical process had been utilized in previous elections.

But The Turkish Bar Association described the move as “illegal”.

And Austrian MP Alev Korun – some of the Council of Europe observers – said “there’s a suspicion that up to 2.5 million votes could have been manipulated” – which would have changed The Result. She provided no evidence.

What did the president say concerning the result?

Mr Erdogan informed supporters that Turkey didn’t “see, hear or renowned the politically motivated experiences” of the displays.

The End Result, he said, ended the talk on changing the structure and creating an executive presidency, including that the method of imposing the reforms would now start.

Read Extra: Erdogan’s upward push to energy

He additionally said the usa could grasp a referendum on its lengthy-stalled Ecu membership bid.

Moreover, Mr Erdogan stated he would approve the death penalty if it Used To Be supported in a referendum or a bill Used To Be submitted to him through parliament. This Could finish Turkey’s Eu negotiations.

What do the constitutional changes include?

  • The president can have a 5-12 months tenure, for a maximum of two terms
  • The president will be capable to right away appoint top public officials, together with ministers and one or several vice-presidents
  • The job of prime minister might be scrapped
  • The president could have energy to intervene within the judiciary, which Mr Erdogan has accused of being influenced through Fethullah Gulen, the Pennsylvania-based totally preacher he blames for the failed coup in July
  • The president will make a decision whether or not or not to impose a state of emergency

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